Phase 1. Haemostasis: Only involved if there has been damage to the blood cells as it helps stop bleeding.
Phase 2. Inflammatory: The body's natural response to injury. Once Haemostasis is achieved the blood cells will dilate to allow nutrients reach the injured area. In this phase you will normally see signs of the inflammatory response such as oedema (swelling), heat and functional restriction.
Phase 3. Proliferative: This phase is where the injured area starts to 'rebuild' and repair tissue. Blood vessels develop which encourages healthy tissue repair.
Phase 4. Remodelling: The tissue returns to normal structure & function (Ideally)
Phase 1 & 2 are the acute management stages normally lasting between 1 - 7days and should involve the R.I.C.E method to minimise inflammation and pain. R-Rest, I-Ice, C-Compression, E-Elevation.
Phase 3 is the subacute management stage normally lasting 3 - less than 3 weeks and it's when inflammation normally starts to reduce and movement is less painful.
Phase 4 is prevention of chronic injury normally lasting 1 - 6 months where stretching and functional activities can be introduced to increase flexibility and strength.
This is only an indication of how long it should take your body to heal from injury, below is a table of approximate tissue healing times.
Australian College of Fitness and Bodyworks
Move Body and Health Therapy can assist you throughout all 4 phases, book online now and get back to a healthier you!
Tissue Repair Phases and Timescales - Image from www.electrotherapy.org